The Coronell Research Group studies physico-chemical processes for water purification with applications at both the treatment plant and point-of-use level. Research in the Coronell Lab focuses on two main areas: (i) membrane technology, and (ii) redox processes. Our research on membrane technology aims to advance the understanding of the mechanisms of transport of water and contaminants through reverse osmosis and nanofiltration membranes, and fouling in low-pressure and high-pressure membrane processes. We have pioneered experimental methods for the quantitative characterization of physico-chemical properties of the ultrathin selective barriers of thin-film composite and nanocomposite membranes. We continue to develop characterization methods and use these methods to study membrane aging, membrane fouling and the relationship between membrane physico-chemical properties and performance. We also use the characterization methods to facilitate the development of improved membranes. Our work on redox processes currently focuses on the development of point-of-use systems for the removal of heavy metals including copper and lead. Our redox studies focus on characterizing reaction kinetics and mechanisms to facilitate the optimization of operational parameters. Applied projects addressing specific needs of plants or municipalities are also in progress.